A motherboard, also known as an mboard, mobo, mainboard, modb, base board, backplane board, system board, planar board, or main circuit board, is the principal board and foundation of a computer. It is often referred to as a main circuit board, main circuit board, or main circuit board. On Apple computers, this component is referred to as a logic board.
Computers are equipped with a motherboard that houses the CPU, memory RAM expansion slots, read-only memory (ROM), USB connections, and PCI slots. It is responsible for establishing connections between the RAM, the CPU, and all other hardware components.
There are other devices like as a keyboard, mouse, hard disc, and a DVD drive that have controllers built into them. Each motherboard is equipped with a chipset, which is a collection of controllers and other components. Every new motherboard is designed to work with a new chipset at the time of its release. Despite the fact that current motherboards are often quicker and more efficient when compared to their predecessors, the older components are frequently incompatible with the newer chipsets.
There are many different varieties of motherboards available, each of which is intended to fit in a variety of different types and sizes of computers. Because motherboards are built to function with specific types of memory and processor, they are not all capable of working with all types of memory and processor.
The IBM personal computer was the first to use a motherboard, which was introduced in 1981. Instead of calling it a motherboard, IBM referred to it as a ‘planar’ at the time.
The Evolution of the Motherboard
● The IBM computer, which was previously known as planar, was the first computer to use a motherboard, which was introduced in 1981.
● In August 1984, IBM launched the complete AT motherboard form factor, which is still in use today.
● The Baby AT motherboard form factor first appeared on the market in 1985.
● It wasn’t until 1987 that Western Digital introduced the LPX motherboard form factor.
● Intel introduced the first version of the ATX standard for motherboards in July 1995, marking the beginning of the modern era of computing.
● The NLX form factor, designed by Intel, was introduced in March 1997. (in a joint effort with DEC and IBM).
● FIC produced the first motherboard with AGP support in November 1997, while Intel launched the first motherboard with AGP support in August 1997.
● Intel launched the microATX motherboard and standard in December 1997, and it has been in use ever since.
● Intel launched the WTX motherboard form factor in September 1998, making it the first of its kind.
● Intel created the FlexATX motherboard form factor in 1999, making it the first company to do so.
● The ETX motherboard specification was first presented by Kontron in the year 2000.
● The UTX motherboard form factor was first presented by TQ-Components in 2001.
● In November 2001, VIA Technologies debuted the Mini-ITX form factor to the market, which was designed by the company.
● The PCI Express standard was first introduced by the PCI-SIG in 2003. Later, in 2003, the motherboards were launched, which had a PCI Express port as well as other features.
● The Nano-ITX motherboard form factor, which was introduced in March 2003, is now available.
● In 2004, NVIDIA released its SLI technology, which allowed a motherboard to connect two video cards to each other for increased performance.
● After months of development, Intel released the BTX form factor and specification for motherboards in February 2004. Aside from that, in 2004 the PicoBTE and microBTE form factors were introduced.
● When the Mobile-ITX motherboard form factor was introduced in March 2004, it was a big deal.
● PICMG introduced the COM Express form factor in 2005, and it has since become widely used (a group of over 150 companies).
● In the year 2005, the XTX motherboard form factor and specification were first introduced into the market.
● On the same year, a microATX motherboard was released for computer games that used two video cards, and the SWTX motherboard form factor was introduced by Supermicro, which is still in production today.
● During the month of April 2007, the Pico-ITX motherboard form factor made its debut.
● It was in January 2007 that AMD announced the development of the DTX form factor, which was followed by the introduction of the Mini-DTX form factor in 2007.
● A new motherboard form factor, known as HPTX, was introduced by EVGA in 2010.
Parts of a Motherboard’s construction
In computing, a heat sink is a device that is designed with built-in fans to maintain an appropriate temperature for hot components such as a processor or CPU. Metal, such as copper or aluminium alloy, is used to construct this component, which is attached to the processor. The heat sink can be divided into two categories: active and passive. An active heat sink is a heat sink that includes both a fan and a heat sink that does not include a fan. A passive heat sink is a heat sink that does not include a fan. Furthermore, it is used in refrigeration and air conditioning systems, graphics processing units (GPUs), and video card processors, and it is the primary component of all CPUs.
Parallel port: The parallel port was used to connect most of the older printer models. It makes use of more than one wire to send or receive a collection of bits of data at the same time, whereas a serial port only makes use of a single wire. Parallel ports also make use of a 25-pin female DB connector, which is a female version of the male DB connector.
It is a connection that specifies the link between a connector and a plug that is inserted into a jack or port on the back pane of a computer. In order for the computer to be usable, the mouse, keyboard, and monitor must all be connected to the computer first.
Capacitate: A capacitor is an electrical component with two terminals that is used to store energy electrostatically within an electric field. Originally, it was referred to as a condenser. In the presence of direct current (DC), a positive charge is generated on one of the capacitor’s plates or collection of plates, while a negative charge is generated on the other plate or collection of plates. Capacitors are commonly used in electronic circuits to block direct current while allowing alternate current to pass through them.
This integrated circuit, which is located within the chipset on the motherboard, is responsible for creating a connection between the AGP, the CPU interface, and the memory. In contrast to the southbridge, it is directly connected to the CPU interface, the AGP, and the memory controller. The primary function of the northbridge is to facilitate communication between the CPU and external devices through the use of buses.
Integrated circuit on the motherboard that is designed for a single function and manufactured as a single unit is known as the southbridge (southbridge). It is essential for I/O controllers, hard drive controllers, and integrated hardware to have this capability.
An electrical circuit is closed by the computer using a jumper, which is a small metal connector that allows electricity to flow through a circuit board to specific areas that have been designated. There are a number of small pins that can be covered with a jumper block to make up the circuit. It can also be used as an alternative to a dual in-line package switch because it contains two or more connecting points that control the electrical circuit board’s functionality.
Integrated circuit: A small chip that is also referred to as a monolithic integrated circuit, microchip, or a bare chip is a type of integrated circuit. An oscillator, amplifier, microprocessor, and even memory are all functions performed by this device. It is made up of a number of circuits, pathways, logic gates, and other components that work together to perform a specific function for the user.
Geoffrey Dummer, a British radar engineer, was the first to use an integrated circuit (IC) on May 7, 1952. Later, Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce worked together to develop it, which they successfully demonstrated on September 12, 1958.
A PCI slot is a type of expansion slot that allows users to add internal components to their desktop computers. Intel created and launched it in 1992. It was the first of its kind. It is an abbreviation for Peripheral Component Interface, which is used to connect the addition of PCI devices such as modems, sound cards, video cards, and network hardware cards to a computer’s motherboard.
Memory slot: A memory slot is a slot in a computer that allows computer memory (RAM) to be inserted and used. The majority of motherboards have two to four memory slots, each of which corresponds to a different type of RAM that can be used with the computer. Most common types of RAM for desktop computers are DDR SDRAM, with different types and speeds available, and SODIMM for laptop computers, with a variety of options.
USB headers are a collection of pins located on a motherboard that allow for the addition of additional USB ports to be connected to a computer system.
Super I/O is a type of integrated circuit that was first used on the motherboards of personal computers in the early 1990s. It was discovered on an expansion card and first appeared in the game in the late 1980s. Later, it was integrated into the motherboard, where it serves as a hub for a variety of low-bandwidth devices by connecting them together. It manages computer input/output devices that are less well-known, such as the serial port UART, intrusion detection, game port, infrared, and floppy disc controller, among others.
Serial port connector: A serial port connector is a computer interface that allows one bit of data to be transmitted or received at a time. Serial ports, which are commonly found on IBM compatible computers, serve primarily as a communication port. For example, a modem may be connected to COM port1 and a mouse may be connected to COM port2 on the same computer.
Serial ATA connections are a replacement for the parallel ATA interface that was previously used in IBM compatible computers. Serial ATA is an abbreviation for serial AT attachment and refers to the serial AT attachment interface. SATA version 1.0 was released in August 2001, and it was the first version to be used. It has the ability to provide 1.5 Gbps of performance to each drive when used as part of a disc cluster. It provides a small cable that makes cable routing a lot less complicated than it otherwise would be. Furthermore, when compared to older ribbon cables used with ATA drives, it allows for more airflow to pass through.
System panel connectors: Also known as fpanel connectors or front panel connectors, these connectors are responsible for controlling a computer’s reset button, power button, case speaker, key lock, and LEDs. It comes with two wire cables that are color-coded to make it easier to identify where they should be connected to the motherboard front panel. HDD LED, PLED, PWRSW, Reset SW and Speaker are just a few examples of the various types of system panel cables that are available.
What is the total number of ports or slots on a motherboard?
There is no established standard for determining how many ports are present on a motherboard. The best way to figure out which ports or slots are on a motherboard is to read the specifications that come with the motherboard’s documentation. You can download the motherboard documentation in pdf format from the manufacturer’s website for free if you have misplaced your original documentation.
Is there a motherboard that can be found in a smartphone, a laptop, and a tablet computer?
Yes, it is available on a variety of devices including laptops, smartphones, and tablets. However, it is most commonly referred to as a logic board. The logic board is very similar to a motherboard in that it performs the same functions as the motherboard. Although, due to the size constraints of tablets and smartphones, components such as RAM and processors are soldered directly to the board, as is the case with the majority of logic boards. Moreover, there are no upgrade options available in many of these devices, which is why they do not have the same number of slots and sockets as a traditional computer motherboard.